Some aspects of numerical modeling of temperature increase due to ultrasound beam irradiation of rat liver

pp. 99-110, vol. 14, 2011

Eleonora Kruglenko
Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland

Barbara Gambin
Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland

Key words: modeling of tissue heating; in vivo; in vitro; FEM

Abstract: Some aspects of FEM modeling of hyperthermia, the procedure of tissue temperature rise above 37 C degrees inside the living organism, as a treatment modality, are studied. Low intensity focused ultrasound (LIFU) beam has been used as a source of temperature rise in the liver tissue during performed experiments in vitro. The comparison of the FEM model of the corresponding heating process and the experimental results has been presented in [1]. In the paper, the FEM model of heating scheme of the rat liver tissue in vivo irradiated by the same ultrasound transducer is formulated. At first, the existence of blood perfusion is taken into account in the model equation. Secondly, the thermal and acoustical properties, which are the input parameters of the numerical model, are taken from the published data in literature. Here, the size and the intensity of heat sources are modeled in two ways on the basis of acoustic nonlinear equation solutions in 3 layers attenuating medium. We demonstrate how the results of FEM model in the case of in vitro and in vivo heating, depend on the assumed power density of heat sources, as well as on the size of the heated area. The results are compared and discussed. The influence of different models on temperature rise profiles are demonstrated.

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