|START||NEW VOL 20||SEARCH||STATISTICS||PAS - GDANSK DIVISION|
pp. 7-18, vol. 6, 2003
RESON A/S, Slangerup, Denmark
Abstract: A comprehensive theoretical and numerical study of the influence of surface roughness of elastic particles in water on the scattering of ultrasonic waves has been carried out. For near spherical shape of the particles and with small rms-roughness heights a perturbation method has been developed. In this method the first-order perturbation contribution predicts the contribution to the incoherently scattered acoustic field due to surface roughness, and the second-order perturbation contribution predicts the change in the coherent field and will satisfy the requirement of energy conservation. The second-order perturbation contribution is evaluated using the concept of form function, while the first-order perturbation to the total scattered acoustic field is evaluated using the scattering cross-section. As a function of the ka-value and for different rms-roughness heights a numerical study of the forward and backward scattering from rough, elastic particles has been carried out and a substantial roughness influence on the scattered field has been verified. Same experimental results from measurements of scattering from glass and cast iron spheres have given evidence to the numerical predictions.
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